Agriculture is a science or practice of farming, cultivating the soil for growing crops and rearing animals for wool, food, clothes, and other products. It is the art of cultivating plants and livestock. It was the key development for the rise of human civilization. History began thousands of years ago.
Agriculture is a science or practice of farming, cultivating the soil for growing crops and rearing animals for wool, food, clothes, and other products. It is the art of cultivating plants and livestock. It was the key development for the rise of human civilization. History began thousands of years ago. According to history, agriculture started more than 10,000 years ago.
Agriculture includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and distributed to markets. It refers to the human activities for cultivating plants and livestock. According to history, people spent most of their time searching for food, hunting wild animals, and gathering wild plants were the main work of the people. 2,000 years ago, the population of the earth was dependent on agriculture. They used to adapt wild plants and animals to domesticating them for food. Firstly, dogs were the first animals that were domesticated and were used for hunting purposes. After that sheep, goats, pigs, and cows were domesticated. They were used as the sources of milk, cheese, meat, butter, and ghee. Other animals such as oxen were used as transportation. The pig’s production emerged in Eurasia, including Europe, East Asia, and Southwest Asia.
Modern Agriculture System
Modern agriculture is an evolving method to agricultural innovations and farming practices that allows farmer's growth performance and reduces the quantity of Natural resources-water, land, and energy-vital to fulfill the world’s food, fuel, and fiber needs. Modern agriculture is pushed by continuous improvements in digital gear and data, in addition to collaborations among farmers and researchers across the private and non-private sectors.
Modern agricultural systems have been advanced with two related goals in mind to gain the highest yields possible and to get the highest monetary profit viable. Modern agriculture refers to the following:
- Intensive farming
- Organic farming
- Precision agriculture
- Smart farming
- Sustainable agriculture
Agribusiness is the enterprise zone encompassing farming and farming-associated business activities. The business involves all of the steps required to send an agricultural product appropriate to market production, processing, and distribution. It is an important component of the economic system in countries with arable land, considering that agricultural products may be exports.
2. Intensive farming:
Intensive agriculture, also known as extensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming) and industrial agriculture is a kind of agriculture each of crop vegetation and animals with better ranges of entering and output according to cubic units of agricultural land area. It is characterized via a low fallow ratio: better use of inputs which includes capital and labor and higher crop yields according to unit land area.
3. Organic farming:
Organic farming is a technique of crop and livestock manufacturing that entails much greater than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, insecticides, genetically changed organisms, antibiotics, and growth hormones. Modern natural farming evolved as a response to the environmental harm prompted by the usage of chemical insecticides and synthetic fertilizers in traditional agriculture, and it has several ecological benefits.
4. Precision agriculture:
Precision agriculture is a principle of control of agricultural parcels that ambitions to optimize yields and investments, searching to better keep in mind the variability of the environments and the conditions between exclusive plots and at intra-plot scales. Precision agriculture can involve the following things:
- Variable Rate Technology (VRT)
- GPS (Global Positioning Systems) soil sampling
- Computer-based applications
- Remote sensing technology
5. Smart farming:
Smart agriculture is the brand-new agricultural technologies that cope up with available agroecological climatic conditions that the rural production might be raised. It is noticeably linked with internet packages and software that help to measure the gap of the agriculture soundness and readiness to face the forthcoming challenges by means of the farmers. It is helping the farmers intellectually and being smart in their operations by way of the use of one's agricultural technology.
6. Sustainable agriculture:
Sustainable agriculture intends to meet society's food and fabric needs inside the gift without compromising the capability of future generations to fulfill their personal needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture are searching to integrate three foremost objectives into their work: a healthful environment, economic profitability, and social and monetary equity. Every man or woman involved in the food system growers, food processors, distributors, retailers, consumers, and waste managers can play a position in ensuring a sustainable agriculture system.